Committee Stage of the Charities Bill
Committee for Communities
The Committee Stage of the Charities Bill was completed on 2 December 2021 and the Committee produced its report.
- Background on the Bill
- Committee's consideration of the Bill
- Committee's report on the Bill
- Useful information
Background on the Bill
Aims of the Bill
This Bill proposes an amendment to the Charities Act (NI) 2008 with retrospective effect to render lawful the previous decisions made by Commission staff. It also includes fresh appeal rights for those orders made lawful and will also "carve out" other decisions to remain unlawful to allow them to proceed to their natural conclusion, by way of the courts, if necessary.
A further aim of the Bill is to ensure that going forward it is clear what decisions Charity Commission staff are empowered to make by introducing a limited power for the future delegation of decision-making powers to staff.
The Bill also proposes a power to introduce a registration threshold via subordinate legislation, which would exempt any charity falling below that threshold from registering with the Charity Commission and being subject to the Charities (Accounts and Reports) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015.
The Charities Act (Northern Ireland) 2008 introduced a regulatory framework and created the Charity Commission as the statutory regulator. Two early statutory inquiries led to the disqualification and ultimate removal of two charity trustees. Both parties brought challenges to the Charity Tribunal and ultimately to the High Court, where the former Attorney General intervened on the basis of his interpretation of the law - that the orders made by Commission staff were unlawful.
This led to the McBride Judgment of 2019 which found that the 2008 Act, taken together with section 19 of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954, did not provide express or implied power for the Commission to delegate its functions to staff acting alone.
The judgement further found that all decisions could only be taken by the Board acting collectively or by a Committee established by the Board in accordance with Schedule 1 of the Act.
In February 2020 the Court of Appeal then dismissed an Appeal by the Commission against the McBride Judgment, thus rendering all orders and decisions made by staff unlawful, including the Charity Register. All decisions, except the opening of statutory inquiries, were taken by staff as both the Commission and the Department believed that it was lawful for them to do so, as is the case in other jurisdictions.
These impacts of the McBride Judgement and subsequent Court of Appeal Judgement are threefold:
- One - the need to deal with past decisions taken by staff, which were deemed unlawful and to mitigate the potential harm to the affected charities;
- Two - the need to look at how the Charity Commission discharges its decision-making functions in the future; and
- Three - the wider regulatory framework and the role of the Charity Commission within it, including its relationship with stakeholders.
The overarching objective is to deal with the issues raised by the Judgments in a way that protects charities, protects rights and restores the pillars of the regulatory framework for charities.
Committee's consideration of the Bill
Below you will find documents, papers and evidence sessions related to the Committee's scrutiny of the Charities Bill:
- Memoranda and Papers from the Department for Communities
- Memoranda and Papers from Others
- Minutes of Proceedings
- Minutes of Evidence
- Written Submissions
- Research Papers
Committee's report on the Bill
Following its consideration of the Bill, the Committee ordered the publication of its report on Thursday 2 December 2021.
- Read the Bill as introduced
- Read the Explanatory and Financial Memorandum of the Bill
- View the current progress of the Bill
- Privacy Notice - Committees of the Northern Ireland Assembly
If you would like to request an alternative format, or have any other queries, please contact the Committee Clerk at the following email address: Committee.Communities@niassembly.gov.uk