Pensions Bill Explanatory and Financial Memorandum as Amended at Further Consideration Stage
This Memorandum refers to the Pensions Bill as amended at Further Consideration Stage in the Northern Ireland Assembly on 24 April 2012 (Bill 3/11-15)
1. This Explanatory and Financial Memorandum has been prepared by the Department for Social Development (“the Department”) in order to assist the reader of the Bill and to help inform debate on it. It does not form part of the Bill and has not been endorsed by the Assembly.
2. The Memorandum needs to be read in conjunction with the Bill. It is not, and is not meant to be, a comprehensive description of the Bill. So where a clause or part of a clause or schedule does not seem to require an explanation or comment, none is given.
BACKGROUND AND POLICY OBJECTIVES
3. This Bill makes provision for Northern Ireland corresponding to the Westminster Pensions Act 2011.
4. In June 2010 the Westminster Government announced a review of the timetable for increasing State Pension age to 66 provided for in the Pensions Act 2007 and the Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2008. The response to the review was published in the White Paper A sustainable State Pension: when the State Pension age will increase to 66 (CM 7956) in November 2010.
5. Changes to the timetable for increasing State Pension age to 66 were proposed. The increase would be phased in by October 2020 rather than by 2026.
6. As a result of bringing forward the increase to age 66, the timetable contained in the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (“the 1995 Order”) for equalising women’s State Pension age with men’s by April 2020 will be accelerated so that Women’s State Pension age reaches 65 by November 2018.
7. The Bill implements a revised timetable.
8. An independent review of automatic enrolment into workplace pensions was announced by the Westminster Government in June 2010. The review examined the scope of the automatic enrolment policy. Recommendations, expanding on measures introduced by the Pensions Act 2008, and the Pensions (No. 2) Act (Northern Ireland) 2008 (“the Pensions (No.2) Act”) were published in October 2010 in the report Making Automatic Enrolment Work. Those recommendations provide the basis for a number of measures contained in the Bill.
9. The Bill also introduces changes to existing legislation required as a result of the Westminster Government’s decision to use the Consumer Prices Index rather than the Retail Prices Index as the measure of inflation for indexation and revaluation of occupational pensions and payments from the Pension Protection Fund.
10. A number of technical amendments, reflecting experience gained since April 2005, are made in relation to the operation of the Pension Protection Fund.
11. The paper When should the state pension age increase to 66 – A call for evidence was the subject of a consultation exercise carried out in Northern Ireland and Great Britain between 24 June 2010 and 6 August 2010. Two responses were received to the Northern Ireland consultation. Issues arising from the consultation were addressed in the Command Paper: A sustainable State Pension: when the State Pension age will increase to 66 (Cm 7956) published in November 2010.
12. In 2010, the Department for Work and Pensions commissioned an external review team to re-examine the policy behind automatic enrolment. As part of this process the review team issued a call for evidence on the scope of the reforms and potential options for amending the policy. On 27 October 2010 the Westminster Government published the outcomes of the review in the report - Making automatic enrolment work – a review for the Department for Work and Pensions.
13. Details of options considered are addressed in the Regulatory Impact Assessment for the Bill.
14. The Bill has five parts:
- Part 1 (which includes Schedules 1, 2 and 3) introduces provisions for amending the State Pension framework. This includes bringing forward the equalisation of State Pension age and the increase to age 66.
- Part 2 contains measures to amend the automatic enrolment provisions for workplace pension schemes. This includes –
- the introduction of an earnings trigger at which an employee must be automatically enrolled into a workplace pension and new up-rating provisions for the qualifying earnings band on which contributions are made;
- the introduction of an optional waiting period of up to three months before the automatic enrolment duty commences; and
- changes to the way an employer can certify that their pension scheme meets the necessary quality test.
- Part 3 (which includes Schedule 4) contains amendments regarding indexation and revaluation requirements for occupational pensions. Part 3 also contains provisions relating to the Pension Protection Fund and the Pensions Regulator and includes minor technical amendments to previous pensions legislation.
- Part 4 contains amendments regarding Money Purchase Benefits.
- Part 5 contains miscellaneous and technical measures.
COMMENTARY ON CLAUSES
PART 1: STATE PENSION
Clause 1: Equalisation of and increase in pensionable age for men and women
15. Clause 1 amends the rules for determining State Pension age for men and women as set out in paragraph 1 of Schedule 2 to the 1995 Order.
16. Subsection (2) amends sub-paragraph (1) to provide that men born before 6th December 1953, rather than those born before 6th April 1959, will continue to attain State Pension age on their 65th birthday.
17. Subsection (3) omits sub-paragraph (4) as a woman born between the relevant dates will now reach State Pension age on her 66th birthday.
18. Subsection (4) amends the timetable which sets out when a woman born on a particular date reaches State Pension age during the transition from 60 to 65. The transition is accelerated, so that instead of increasing in one-month increments, State Pension age increases in increments of three months, as laid out in the table below:
Date of Birth
Age on date
Age on date
6 April 1953 to
5 May 1953
6 May 2016
63.1 – 63.0
6 July 2016
63.3 – 63.2
6 May 1953
5 June 1953
6 July 2016
63.2 – 63.1
6 Nov 2016
63.6 – 63.5
6 June 1953
5 July 1953
6 Sept 2016
63.3 – 63.2
6 March 2017
63.9 – 63.8
6 July 1953
5 Aug 1953
6 Nov 2016
63.4 – 63.3
6 July 2017
64.0 – 63.11
6 Aug 1953
5 Sept 1953
6 Jan 2017
63.5 – 63.4
6 Nov 2017
64.3 – 64.2
6 Sept 1953
5 Oct 1953
6 March 2017
63.6 – 63.5
6 March 2018
64.6 – 64.5
6 Oct 1953
5 Nov 1953
6 May 2017
63.7 – 63.6
6 July 2018
64.9 – 64.8
6 Nov 1953
5 Dec 1953
6 July 2017
63.8 – 63.7
6 Nov 2018
65.0 – 64.11
*Note: Those born on the last day of the period in column (1) will in fact be one day older than indicated in columns (3) and (5), for example, a woman born on 5th May 1953 will be aged 63 years, 0 months and 1 day on the day she would reach current state pension age.
19. Subsection (5) replaces Table 2, which provides for the transition from 65 to 66 for men and women between April 2024 and April 2026, with the revised timetable.
20. Subsection (6) amends sub-paragraph (7), which provides that people born on or after 6th April 1960 (namely those born after the last group affected by the schedule in Table 2) but before 6th April 1968 will have a State Pension age of 66. With the revisions made by subsection (5), anyone born on or after 6th October 1954 but before 6th April 1968 will now also reach State Pension age on their 66th birthday.
21. Subsection (7) introduces Schedule 1 (Equalisation of and increase in pensionable age for men and women: consequential amendments).
Clause 2: Duty to report on the impact of socio-economic background (including health indicators) in relation to retirement pension
22. Clause 2 places a duty on the Department to report on the impact of socio-economic background (including health indicators) in relation to retirement pension. The report is to be laid before the Assembly within two years of Royal Assent.
Clause 3: Abolition of certain additions to the state pension
23. Clause 3 amends section 132 of the Social Security Administration (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 and Schedule 5 to the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992. This clause removes the provision for new awards of small “top-up” amounts to a person’s State Pension from the specified date where that person is a member of a salary-related contracted-out scheme who has delayed taking their private pension and earned “increments” on their Guaranteed Minimum Pension (GMP), or is the survivor of such a member. (The GMP is the minimum pension a scheme is required by law to pay to an individual who was in contracted-out employment between 1978 and 1997.)
24. The small “top-up” amounts, referred to as “Payable Uprated Contracted-out Deduction Increments” (PUCODIs) are paid by the State to take account of the fact that the occupational pension scheme is only responsible for providing limited indexation on the extra amounts gained by the individual for postponing their private pension – the GMP increments. For example, schemes are not required to provide any indexation on GMP increments accrued between 1978 and 1988, but must provide indexation at the rate of the rise in the general level of prices in Great Britain capped at three per cent for accruals between 1988 and 1997. Hence the State will index any GMP increments in line with the general rise in the level of prices for any 1978 to 1988 accruals, and by anything over three per cent for accruals between 1988 and 1997.
25. PUCODIs do not apply to any periods of contracted-out employment after April 1997 as the requirement to provide a GMP was replaced with the requirement to provide benefits which are broadly equivalent to those provided under the Reference Scheme Test.
26. Awards which have been made and are in payment before the specified date will not be affected.
27. Subsection (6) gives effect to Schedule 2 (Abolition of certain additions to the state pension: consequential amendments etc).
Clause 4: Consolidation of additional pension
28. Clause 4 gives effect to Schedule 3 (Consolidation of additional pension).
PART 2: AUTOMATIC ENROLMENT
Clause 5: Automatic re-enrolment where scheme membership interrupted
29. Clause 5 amends section 2 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act. Under this section, where the jobholder is an active member of a qualifying scheme, the employer must not take any action or make any omission by which the jobholder ceases to be a member of the qualifying scheme, or the scheme ceases to be a qualifying scheme, unless a specified exception applies. One of those exceptions is where the employer arranges for the jobholder to become an active member of another qualifying scheme, within a prescribed period. (The definition of “jobholder” is set out in section 1 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act.)
30. As section 2 stands, there is no duty on the employer to automatically re-enrol the jobholder into another qualifying scheme where the employer takes an action or makes an omission as referred to in paragraph 29. The employer can put the jobholder into another qualifying scheme but only with the jobholder’s consent. In the event that this consent is not forthcoming the employer could potentially be in breach of section 2 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act until the next automatic re-enrolment date arises.
31. Subsection (1) amends section 2 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act so that section 2 is not contravened if, in compliance with the duty to re-enrol under section 5, the jobholder becomes an active member of an automatic enrolment scheme from the day after the jobholder ceases to be an active member of a qualifying scheme, or the scheme ceases to be such a scheme or within a prescribed period of time. This subsection should be read with Clause 6(3) which substitutes new subsection (1), and subsection (2) which inserts subsections (1A) and (1B) into section 5 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act. Section 5, as amended, imposes a duty to re-enrol a jobholder specified in new subsections (1), (1A) or (1B) with effect from a date specified in regulations.
32. Subsection (1) of section 5 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act (as amended) applies to a jobholder aged between 22 and State Pension age who earns more than £7,475. Subsections (1A) and (1B) apply to a jobholder who earns £7,475 or below, where the jobholder has ceased to be an active member of a qualifying scheme, or where the qualifying scheme of which the jobholder was an active member has ceased to be such a scheme.
33. Regulations under section 5 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act, as amended by the Bill, will therefore be able to provide for a duty to re-enrol to occur whenever the employer takes an action or makes an omission as referred to in paragraph 29, subject to any exceptions that may be provided for.
34. Subsection (3) amends section 5(4) of the Pensions (No. 2) Act (circumstances in which the duty to re-enrol does not apply) to allow for regulations to prescribe the circumstances where there is no duty to re-enrol in a case where:
- the jobholder, or the employer at the jobholder’s request, takes an action or makes an omission such that the jobholder is no longer a member of a qualifying scheme; or
- the jobholder opts out of membership of a qualifying scheme, under section 8 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act.
35. Subsection (4) amends section 5(8) of the Pensions (No. 2) Act to remove a reference to re-enrolment having to occur after the automatic enrolment date.
36. Subsection (5) amends section 6(4) of the Pensions (No. 2) Act (timing of automatic re-enrolment) to ensure that regulations may provide for a re-enrolment date to occur earlier than the time referred to in section 6(1)(b) of the Pensions (No. 2) Act where the jobholder ceases to be in a qualifying scheme or the scheme ceases to be a qualifying scheme by reason of an action or omission of the employer. It also removes an unnecessary reference.
37. Subsection (6) amends section 54(1)(a) and (b) of the Pensions (No. 2) Act (inducements) to prevent an employer from inducing a worker to give up membership of a relevant scheme without becoming an active member of another relevant scheme and without leaving a period where the worker is not a member of a scheme.
Clause 6: Earnings trigger for automatic enrolment and re-enrolment
38. Clause 6 amends sections 3 and 5 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act. Section 3 provides that an employer is under a duty to enrol a jobholder into an automatic enrolment scheme, with effect from the automatic enrolment date, where the jobholder is aged at least 22 and under pensionable age, and certain other conditions are met. Section 5 provides that an employer is under a duty to re-enrol a jobholder into an automatic enrolment scheme, on a date as set out in regulations, where the jobholder is aged at least 22 and under pensionable age, and certain other conditions are met.
39. Subsections (1) and (3) provide that a jobholder will not be eligible for automatic enrolment under section 3 or re-enrolment under section 5 respectively unless, in addition to complying with the above conditions, the jobholder earns in excess of £7,475 per annum (the “earnings trigger”).
40. The earnings trigger is distinct from the band of “qualifying earnings” in section 13 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act (which concerns the earnings on which contributions are payable in the case of a “qualifying scheme” which is a money purchase or personal pension scheme). Therefore, where the jobholder has been automatically enrolled or re-enrolled, employers and jobholders must still pay contributions if the jobholder’s earnings fall below the earnings trigger, but are above the lower limit of the qualifying earnings band (see section 13(1)(a) of the Pensions (No. 2) Act).
41. Subsections (2) and (4) define the term “earnings” for the purposes of sections 3 and 5 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act and permit an employer to use a proportionate amount of the earnings trigger where a pay reference period is shorter or longer than one year. For example, employers may wish to convert the amount of the earnings trigger to a monthly or weekly figure.
Clause 7: Postponement or disapplication of automatic enrolment
42. Clause 7 introduces an optional waiting period into the automatic enrolment process. This allows employers to defer the automatic enrolment date of a worker for up to three months by providing them with a notice. The notice must state that the employer intends to use a waiting period, together with details of the worker’s new enrolment date.
43. The employer may apply the waiting period from one of three dates (according to their relevant situation):
- the employer’s staging date (the date from which an employer is required to comply with the automatic enrolment duty);
- the worker’s first day of employment with that employer (where that falls after the employer’s staging date); or
- the first day on which a worker is eligible for automatic enrolment whilst employed by that employer. This could be, for example, the day on which the worker turns 22 or their earnings change, so that they become a jobholder who is eligible for automatic enrolment.
44. In the first two cases, the employer does not have to check the worker’s eligibility to be automatically enrolled in a pension scheme before applying the waiting period. In all cases the employer must confirm the worker’s eligibility at the end of the waiting period before automatically enrolling them.
45. The clause amends section 7 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act so that the worker may opt into pension saving at any point during the waiting period. Regulations under the substituted section 4 (see below) may provide that the worker will be advised of this right in the notice provided by the employer.
46. Subsection (2) substitutes a new section 4 into the Pensions (No. 2) Act. In the case of all three dates on which the employer may apply the waiting period, in meeting the conditions for using the waiting period, the employer must have made an active choice to use the waiting period. The employer indicates this choice by giving the worker a notice.
The provision for deferral at the staging date includes the following:
- under section 4(1) a deferral notice may be given in the case of a worker who is employed on the employer’s staging date. An employer may defer such a worker’s automatic enrolment date to a date specified in the notice the employer gives to the worker – “the deferral date”- if, on that date, the worker satisfies certain eligibility criteria. The eligibility criteria in sections 1 and 3 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act determine whether the worker is eligible to be automatically enrolled. The employer must automatically enrol the worker, with effect from the deferral date, if the worker is eligible to be automatically enrolled on the deferral date. If the worker is not eligible to be automatically enrolled, the employer is under no duty to automatically enrol that worker into a pension scheme (and see section 4(4)).
- section 4(1)(a) provides that an employer must give a notice to all the workers whose automatic enrolment date he intends to defer. This notice should state the employer’s intention to defer the automatic enrolment date of that worker until the date specified in the notice.
- section 4(1)(b) provides a power to prescribe further requirements in relation to the notice, such as its form and content.
48. Under section 4(2) a deferral notice may be given to a new worker who commences employment after the employer’s staging date. An employer may defer the automatic enrolment date of such a worker to a date specified in the notice the employer gives to the employee – “the deferral date”- if, on that date, the worker satisfies the eligibility criteria. The eligibility criteria in sections 1 and 3 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act determine whether the worker is eligible to be automatically enrolled. The employer must automatically enrol the worker, with effect from the deferral date, if the worker is eligible to be automatically enrolled on the deferral date. If the worker is not eligible to be automatically enrolled, the employer is under no duty to automatically enrol that worker into a pension scheme (and see section 4(4)).
49. Under section 4(3) a deferral notice may be given to a worker who satisfies the eligibility criteria for automatic enrolment after the employer’s staging date. The employer may defer that worker’s automatic enrolment date to a date specified in the notice the employer gives the employee – “the deferral date”. If the worker is not eligible to be automatically enrolled, the employer is under no duty to automatically enrol that worker into a pension scheme (and see section 4(4)).
50. Section 4(4) applies when the worker does not satisfy certain eligibility criteria on the deferral date specified in a notice under this section. In that case the duty under section 3(2) of the Pensions (No. 2) Act on employers, to automatically enrol certain workers into pension schemes, does not apply to the employer in relation to that worker. Section 4(4) provides that where the worker fails to satisfy the eligibility requirements in sections 1 and 3 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act on the deferral date, but did satisfy those criteria before the deferral date, the employer is not required to automatically enrol the worker with effect from the date when he did satisfy the criteria.
51. Section 4(5) provides that the employer may give a worker a notice on or before the starting day, as defined in section 4(8), or within a prescribed period after that day. The employer, if he wishes to defer the worker’s automatic enrolment date, must give the notice to the worker within this timeframe.
52. Section 4(6) provides that the employer can defer the automatic enrolment date of a worker under this section for a maximum of three months from the starting day.
53. Section 4(7) has the effect that an employer cannot defer the automatic enrolment date of a worker for more than three months. The subsection provides that an employer cannot give a worker more than one notice, which could extend the deferral of that worker’s automatic enrolment date beyond three months.
54. Section 4(8) defines “staging date” and “starting day” for the purposes of section 4.
55. Subsection (3) omits subsection (5) of section 5 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act as a consequence of replacing section 4 with a new provision.
56. Subsection (4)(a) omits subsections (3) and (6) of section 6 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act as a consequence of replacing section 4 with a new provision.
57. Subsection (5) omits section 7(2)(b) of the Pensions (No. 2) Act (as a consequence of the substitution of section 4) allowing a jobholder to opt in during the waiting period.
58. Subsection (6) amends section 30(7) of the Pensions (No. 2) Act to allow an employer who uses a transitional period under section 30 to use section 4 to defer the automatic enrolment date of a worker by up to three months from the end of that transitional period.
Clause 8: Timing of automatic re-enrolment
59. Clause 8 amends section 6(1)(b) of the Pensions (No. 2) Act to stipulate that automatic re-enrolment will not happen more frequently than once in every period of two years and nine months. The two years and nine months interval applies to the employer rather than the jobholder. This clause is relevant only where the Department makes provision under section 6(1)(b) rather than section 6(1)(a).
Clause 9: Review of earnings trigger and qualifying earnings band
60. Clause 9 amends section 14 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act. Whenever the Secretary of State makes an order under section 14 of the Pensions Act 2008 reviewing the qualifying earnings band for automatic enrolment and re-enrolment, section 14 enables the Department to make a corresponding order for Northern Ireland. The amendment to section 14 takes account of the introduction of the earnings trigger for automatic enrolment and re-enrolment introduced by clause 6.
Clause 10: Rounded figures for earnings trigger and qualifying earnings band
61. Clause 10 inserts a new section 15A into the Pensions (No. 2) Act. The amounts for the earnings trigger and the upper and lower limits of the qualifying earnings band relate to a jobholder’s gross earnings in a nominal pay reference period of 12 months. Sections 3(6B), 5(7B) and 13(2) of the Pensions (No. 2) Act provide that, where an employer’s pay reference period is less or more than 12 months, those amounts will be proportionately less or more. Whenever the Secretary of State makes an Order under section 15A of the Pensions Act 2008 specifying rounded figures to be used for the purposes of the corresponding provisions of that Act, section 15A enables the Department to make a corresponding Order for Northern Ireland.
Clause 11: Qualifying Schemes: administration charges
62. Clause 11 amends section 16 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act to correct an anomaly in the existing legislation, where the Department has the power to cap administration charges charged by qualifying schemes in respect of active members but not deferred members of the scheme. Section 16 as amended will enable a cap on administration charges of qualifying schemes to apply to charges made to deferred members as well as charges made to active members.
Clause 12: Test scheme standard for schemes that produce sum of money for provision of benefit
63. Sections 21, 22 and 23 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act set out the quality requirements for defined benefits schemes used by employers to discharge their automatic enrolment duties. Quality requirements are based on a test of overall scheme quality which requires employers to compare their scheme against a benchmark or model scheme.
64. At present the quality requirements have been designed for defined benefits schemes in which the member accrues a pension rather than a sum of money. Clause 12 amends sections 22 and 23 to accommodate defined benefits schemes which provide a sum of money to be used for purchasing an annuity from a provider or securing a pension within the scheme and introduces a regulation making power to enable the Department to provide for the detailed requirements for a test scheme for such schemes.
Clause 13: Certification that alternative to quality requirement is satisfied
65. Clause 13 amends section 28 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act and introduces alternative self-certification arrangements for employers. Employers using money purchase occupational pension schemes, personal pension schemes or certain types of hybrid schemes to discharge their enrolment duties will be able to use section 28 to certify that their scheme satisfies the relevant quality requirements, providing the scheme satisfies certain alternative requirements, to be prescribed in regulations.
66. Subsections (2) and (3) make minor consequential amendments as a result of the substantive changes to section 28.
67. Subsection (4) inserts a new subsection (1A) into section 28 defining “relevant jobholder” as a jobholder to whom a certificate applies and providing that a reference to a “scheme” in that section includes a reference to part of a scheme.
68. Subsection (5) amends subsection (2) to include a new paragraph (b). The amended section 28(2) provides that the certificate must state that, in the opinion of the person giving it, the scheme being certified either satisfies the relevant quality requirements, or an alternative prescribed requirement, throughout the certification period.
69. Subsection (6) makes minor consequential amendments to section 28(6).
70. Subsection (7) amends section 32(1)(b) of the Pensions (No. 2) Act to enable scheme trustees to modify an occupational pension scheme by resolution to satisfy the quality requirements contained in section 20(1) or those requirements as modified under section 24(1)(a), or section 28(2)(b).
Clause 14: Certification for non-UK schemes
71. Clause 14 amends section 28 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act to give employers using money purchase, or personal pension schemes or the money purchase elements of hybrid schemes the option of self-certifying that their scheme meets the relevant quality requirement where the scheme has its main administration in a Member State of the EEA other than the UK.
Clause 15: Transitional period for defined benefits and hybrid schemes to be optional
72. Clause 15 amends section 30 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act which allows employers using defined benefits and hybrid schemes to adjust gradually to the additional costs of the automatic enrolment reforms. Currently, section 30 provides that for certain jobholders, where the conditions in section 30(2) are met, the automatic enrolment date under section 3 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act is automatically deferred until the end of a transitional period as set out in regulations. This clause amends section 30, so that employers can choose whether or not to defer automatic enrolment until the end of that transitional period.
73. Subsection (2) amends subsection (3) of section 30 to provide that deferral of the automatic enrolment date will only apply where an employer serves a notice on the jobholder, within a period set out in regulations, stating that the employer intends to defer.
74. Subsection (3) amends subsection (4) of section 30 (provision where certain conditions in section 30(2) cease to be satisfied during the transitional period) to take account of the fact that the employer has to give a notice in order to defer the automatic enrolment date.
75. Subsection (4) inserts a new subsection (7A) into section 30, allowing the Department to make regulations regarding the form and content of that notice.
Clause 16: Arrangements where transitional conditions cease to be satisfied
76. Clause 16 amends section 30 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act. Under section 30(5), if certain conditions of deferral cease to apply, the employer must enrol the jobholder into an alternative scheme. Currently section 30(5) provides that the alternative scheme must either be another defined benefit or hybrid scheme, or a money purchase scheme. This amendment gives employers a further option of enrolling jobholders into a personal pension scheme. It also has the effect of requiring the Department to make regulations about the arrangements that must be made by an employer in order for the jobholder to become a member of a personal pension scheme.
77. Subsection (3) amends subsection (6)(b) to ensure that where an employer makes arrangements to enrol a jobholder into a personal pension scheme , the jobholder is not required to make a back payment of contributions.
Clause 17: Power of managers to modify by resolution
78. Clause 17 extends section 32 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act. Section 32 provides that the trustees of an occupational pension scheme may by resolution modify the scheme so that it complies with the requirements for an automatic enrolment scheme in section 17 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act or the requirements as to payment of contributions in sections 20 and 24 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act. Section 32 is extended so that managers, as well as trustees, of occupational pension schemes are able to use this power to modify a scheme.
Clause 18: No indemnification for civil penalties
79. Clause 18 extends the prohibition in Article 233 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (“the 2005 Order”) on a pension scheme trustee or manager being reimbursed out of scheme funds for fines or penalties payable by the trustee or manager. The extension covers penalties payable by a trustee or manager under section 40 or 41 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act. A trustee or manager in receipt of a fixed or escalating penalty under that Act will not be able to take monies from scheme funds in order to pay those penalties.
Clause 19: Power to exempt certain cross-border employment from enrolment duty
80. Clause 19 inserts a new Article 268A into Part 7 of the 2005 Order (cross-border activities within European Union) to provide a regulation making power allowing the Department to provide that the employer’s automatic enrolment duties under the Pensions (No. 2) Act do not apply in the case of employment of an individual in relation to whom the employer is a European employer as defined in the Occupational Pension Schemes (Cross-border Activities) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2005.
PART 3: OCCUPATIONAL PENSION SCHEMES
Clause 20: Indexation and revaluation
81. Clause 20 amends three provisions concerning the indexation of defined benefit pensions in payment and the revaluation of the deferred pensions of early leavers from occupational pension schemes following the Westminster Government’s decision to use the Consumer Prices Index (CPI) as the measure of increase in the general level of prices in place of the Retail Prices Index (RPI).
82. Subsections (1) to (3) amend section 80 of the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 (“the Pension Schemes (NI) Act”) so that schemes which provide full uncapped revaluation of deferred members’ preserved pensions (including Guaranteed Minimum Pension rights) may do so without reference to the statutory revaluation requirements contained in section 80 provided they maintain, the value of pensions by reference to the rise in the general level of prices.
83. Subsections (4) to (6) make consequential amendments to Schedule 2 to the Pension Schemes (NI) Act which sets out methods for revaluing accrued benefits for the purposes of section 80. In particular, where scheme rules continue to require revaluation by reference to the RPI, the scheme will not also have to consider the statutory revaluation addition calculated using the CPI.
84. Subsections (7) and (8) amend Article 51 of the 1995 Order to allow schemes to continue increasing pensions in payment under provisions in scheme rules rather than under the statutory requirement contained in Article 51(2). In place of increasing by reference to the RPI, schemes will be able to increase by the RPI, the CPI or a combination of the two, depending on the rules of the individual scheme. Where schemes continue to increase pensions by the RPI and have done so continuously from January 2011 (or when the pension first comes into payment if later), the amendments will ensure they will not have to carry out an annual comparison of the RPI under scheme rules and the CPI under the statutory requirements and pay the higher of the two.
85. Subsections (9) to (11) amend Article 37 of the Welfare Reform and Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1999 to allow the Department to prescribe that (as a minimum) pension credit benefit (arising from a pension share on divorce) paid by an occupational pension scheme must be increased by reference to the percentage increase in the general level of prices determined by the Secretary of State for the purpose of the statutory revaluation requirements under the Pension Schemes Act 1993.
Clause 21: Indexation requirements for cash balance benefits
86. Clause 21 removes the requirement for cash balance benefits to be indexed under Article 51 of the 1995 Order. Cash balance benefits are benefits which the member accrues in the form of a lump sum or fund, the level of which can be determined in advance, is guaranteed to reach a particular minimum, or is determined by the application of a notional accrual rate or rate of interest. The fund is then used to buy an annuity or to provide a pension from scheme funds.
87. Current legislation requires that members with cash balance benefits buying or receiving an annuity or being paid a scheme pension must receive Limited Price Indexation. This means that accruals between 1997 and 2005 must be indexed to at least the lower of the RPI or five per cent and accruals post 2005 must be indexed at the lower of the RPI or 2.5 per cent.
88. Pensions or annuities already in payment prior to this section coming into force will continue to be indexed and will not be affected by the changes.
Clause 22: Pension Protection Fund
89. Clause 22 gives effect to Schedule 4.
Clause 23: Payment of surplus to employer: transitional power to amend scheme
90. Clause 23 amends Article 228 of the 2005 Order. Article 228 provided trustees with a transitional power to confirm or amend powers in scheme rules to make payments to the employer in the light of changes to the taxation regime for pension schemes, and to the requirements relating to payments of surplus to employers as stated in Article 37 of the 1995 Order.
91. Article 228 came into operation from 6th April 2006. It specifically allowed trustees to pass a resolution to confirm or amend powers in their scheme’s rules to make payments to the employer, or allow them to cease to be exercisable. Trustees were required to pass a resolution within five years of the commencement of the provision (before 6th April 2011) and to satisfy prescribed requirements for notifying scheme members.
92. This clause ensures that Article 228 does not apply to payments which trustees can make without having to satisfy the general requirements relating to payments of surplus in Article 37 of the 1995 Order. It extends the transitional period during which Article 228 will apply to 6th April 2016. This will allow trustees more time to review any powers in their scheme’s rules to make payments to the employer, decide how such powers should be exercised in the future, and take whatever action they consider is necessary under Article 228.
Clause 24: Contribution notices and financial support directions
93. Clause 24 amends Articles 34, 39 and 91 of the 2005 Order. Article 34 provides the Pensions Regulator with the power to issue a contribution notice where certain conditions are satisfied. Article 39 provides the Pensions Regulator with the power to issue a financial support direction where certain conditions are satisfied. Article 91 describes the standard procedure for consideration of certain of the Pensions Regulator’s functions.
94. At present the Regulator must determine to exercise its regulatory functions to issue a contribution notice or a financial support direction within certain statutory periods. The amendments to Articles 34 and 39 provide that those periods end with the Regulator giving a warning notice of its intention to exercise its regulatory functions instead of ending with the determination to exercise the relevant regulatory function. The amendment to Article 91 also creates a power to prescribe a period after giving a warning notice beyond which the Regulator cannot exercise the relevant regulatory function.
Clause 25: Technical amendment to Schedule 4 to the Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2008
95. Clause 25 amends a consequential amendment made to Schedule 3 to the Pension Schemes (NI) Act and contained within paragraph 59 of Schedule 4 to the Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2008.
96. Where an employer becomes bankrupt, the amount of debt (in respect of the contributions owed to a salary-related contracted out pension scheme) is calculated according to the rebate percentages specified in Schedule 3 to the Pension Schemes (NI) Act. The consequential amendment as currently drafted would substitute out of date rebate percentages into Schedule 3 to the Pension Schemes (NI) Act. This amendment will ensure the most recent rebate percentages are retained in that Schedule.
Clause 26: Technical amendment to section 38(2) of the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993
97. Clause 26 amends an inaccurate cross-reference in section 38(2) of the Pension Schemes (NI) Act. The power specified previously allowed the percentages stated in Schedule 3 to that Act (in respect of contributions owed by bankrupt employers of salary-related contracted-out schemes) to be changed in line with changes to the rebate percentages. The amendment refers to the correct paragraph in Schedule 3 which contains the rebate percentages.
PART 4: MONEY PURCHASE BENEFITS
Clause 27: Definition of money purchase benefits
98. Clause 27 amends the Pension Schemes (NI) Act and the Pensions (No. 2) Act to amend the definition of money purchase benefits. The effect is to ensure that, in order for a benefit to qualify as a money purchase benefit, the amount or rate of the benefit must be calculated only by reference to assets which must necessarily suffice to provide the benefit. If any other factor such as a guaranteed investment return or other guarantee of the amount were used to calculate the benefit, it is not a money purchase benefit. The aim is to ensure that money purchase benefits cannot develop a funding deficit. In the case of a scheme pension in payment, the pension must be backed by an annuity contract or insurance policy to be a money purchase benefit.
99. Subsections (5) and (6) give retrospective effect to the amendments.
Clause 28: Transitional
100. Clause 28 provides a power, by regulations, to make transitional provision in relation to the coming into operation of the amendments in clause 27. This includes power to disapply the amended definition of money purchase benefits, and power to modify the application of other legislation where the amended definition applies.
Clause 29: Consequential and supplementary
101. Clause 29 provides a power, by regulations, to make consequential or supplementary provision in relation to the amendments made by clause 27. Subsection 2 amends Article 280 of the 2005 Order to allow provisions of that Order relating to scheme funding to be modified in relation to hybrid schemes, multi-employer schemes or partnerships. For example, this would allow provision to be made for hybrid schemes which provide both money purchase and defined benefits, so that regulatory requirements could be separately applied to different parts of the scheme.
Clause 30: Power to make further provision
102. Clause 30 provides a power to make further amendments to the definitions of money purchase benefits in the Pension Schemes (NI) Act and the Pensions (No. 2) Act.
Clause 31: Regulations
103. Clause 31 makes technical provision for regulations made under this Part, in particular it allows regulations to amend primary legislation and to have retrospective effect.
PART 5: MISCELLANEOUS AND GENERAL
Clause 32: Grants by the Department to advisory bodies etc
104. Clause 32 amends section 169 of the Pension Schemes (NI) Act to enable the Department to make grants to pensions advisory bodies or those undertaking such other functions in relation to pensions as may be specified in regulations. As these grants will be made under section 169, the expenditure can be recouped under the general levy which is imposed on occupational and personal pension schemes under section 170 of the Pension Schemes (NI) Act and is collected by the Pensions Regulator on behalf of the Department.
Clause 33: Service of documents and electronic working
105. Clause 33 introduces a ‘service rule’ covering Part 1 (Chapters 2 and 3 and section 59(1)(c)) and Part 3 (Chapter 1) of the Pensions (No. 2) Act. This clause applies the service rule as set out in Articles 277 and 278 of the 2005 Order and makes minor consequential amendments to section 59(1)(c).
106. A service rule provides a means of proving that a notice or other document authorised or required by this legislation was sent to its intended recipient. It specifies the persons to whom the notification or documents are to be sent and the manner in which they can be properly served on them.
Schedule 1: Equalisation of and increase in pensionable age for men and women: consequential amendments
107. Schedule 1 amends the definition of “pensionable age” in sections 2A, 2AA and 2D of the Social Security Administration (Northern Ireland) Act 1992. Those provisions contain regulation-making powers under which regulations may be made requiring a person, or the partner of a person, claiming one of a specified list of social security benefits to attend a work-focused interview or engage in work-related activity to prepare them for returning to work, if that person (or the partner of that person) is under pensionable age, as defined.
108. Paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 amend the definition of “pensionable age” in the above provisions where, for the purposes of ensuring that the relevant provisions apply equally to men and women, a man born before 6th April 1955 is deemed to be of pensionable age if he is the same age as a woman who has reached State Pension age. With the acceleration in the timetable for State Pension age equalisation, only men born before 6th December 1953 will have a higher state pension age than a woman born on the same day.
109. Paragraph 4 amends Article 123 of the 1995 Order which gives effect to Schedule 2 to that Order. The amendment modifies the descriptive words introducing the Schedule.
110. Paragraph 5(a) makes an equivalent amendment to section 11 of the Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2008 to amend the period over which the State Pension age will increase from 65 to 68.
111. Paragraph 5(b) amends the date from which a number of consequential amendments made by the Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2008 were to have taken effect. These amendments replace age 65 with “pensionable age” for the purposes of:
- the upper age for qualification for Disability Living Allowance;
- the minimum age for entitlement to Attendance Allowance;
- the maximum age for entitlement to Widow’s Pension;
- the minimum age for entitlement to the savings credit element of Pension Credit; and
- the minimum age for eligibility for the £10 Christmas Bonus where the sole qualifying benefit is War Disablement Pension.
112. These age thresholds will change in line with State Pension age once it exceeds 65. The amendment made by paragraph 5(b) inserts the new date from which that will take place.
Schedule 2: Abolition of certain additions to the state pension: consequential amendments etc
113. Schedule 2 makes amendments in the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 which are consequential on clause 3 and repeals amending enactments which are now spent.
Schedule 3: Consolidation of additional pension
114. Schedule 3 makes amendments to remove the references in the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 and amendments inserted by the Pensions (No. 2) Act that link the start date for additional State Pension consolidation to the flat rate introduction year. The amendments provide a power to set the consolidation start date by order.
115. The consolidation of additional State Pension is a measure to provide a single value for a person’s additional pension, the method for calculation of which has changed over time, so as to enable easier prediction of entitlement in retirement. The flat rate of additional pension is a measure by which, instead of bands of different rates by which additional pension is calculated, one flat rate is applicable. These measures were introduced to simplify the additional pension by the Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2008 and the Pensions (No. 2) Act; both are yet to have effect.
116. Consolidation will have no impact on a person’s overall State Pension income over the course of their retirement, but can affect the income flow for people who have been contracted-out.
117. In payment contracted-out pension rights are offset against additional State Pension entitlement built up before 1997, meaning a number of people gain additional State Pension for that period at some time after pensionable age. This is because differences in the way private pension schemes increase rights in accrual and pensions in payment, compared to the state scheme, can mean that at State Pension age a person’s additional State Pension entitlement for that period might be small, or non-existent, but increases later on in retirement.
118. Under consolidation, actuarial factors would be applied to a person’s contracted-out pension rights in order to smooth the disparities in entitlement that occur during retirement. As a result, there are short-term costs to the State associated with consolidation, in that some additional State Pension entitlement for the pre-1997 period would be brought forward to State Pension age to smooth income over retirement.
119. This Schedule also removes the references which define those to whom the consolidation would apply, that is, those reaching State Pension age from 6th April 2020, instead providing a power to set the relevant retirement date by way of an order.
120. These measures provide flexibility to determine when the short-term costs outlined above will be incurred.
Schedule 4: Pension Protection Fund
121. Paragraphs 1 to 13 make amendments to the 2005 Order permitting the Board of the Pension Protection Fund (“the Board of the PPF”) where it is able to do so, to determine the funding position of an eligible pension scheme without obtaining a fresh actuarial valuation in accordance with the requirements of Article 127(2) of the 2005 Order, which is used by the Board of the PPF to decide whether it must accept responsibility for the scheme.
122. A scheme’s protected liabilities are the cost of providing benefits equivalent to pension compensation, any non-pension liabilities of the scheme, and the estimated cost of winding up the scheme. The amendments provide the Board of the PPF with the power to decide whether it can use other information for the purpose of determining whether the assets of the scheme are less than the protected liabilities (for example, a valuation undertaken for the purposes of calculating a scheme’s pension protection levy), or whether an actuarial valuation is needed to determine the funding position of the scheme.
123. Paragraph 11 makes equivalent provision in relation to valuations for closed schemes under Article 142. Where a scheme has been through an assessment period and has not initially transferred into the Board of the PPF, but where the scheme’s assets have subsequently fallen below its protected liabilities, the Board will also have the power to determine whether an actuarial valuation under Article 142 is required or whether it can use other information it has in order to decide if the scheme should transfer into the Pension Protection Fund.
124. Paragraph 13 amends Schedule 8 to the 2005 Order (which lists matters that are reviewable by the Board of the PPF) so that a determination made by the Board, in cases where it has decided that an actuarial valuation is not required, is reviewable.
125. Paragraphs 14 to 16 remove the requirement in Article 135 of the 2005 Order that an application for reconsideration must include a “protected benefits quotation”. A protected benefits quotation is a quote, from an insurance company, of the cost of purchasing annuities providing each scheme member with benefits equivalent to the lower of the compensation which they would receive if their scheme transferred to the Pension Protection Fund and their scheme benefits.
126. The amendments enable the trustees or managers of an eligible scheme that has not initially transferred to the Pension Protection Fund because it was not sufficiently underfunded to apply for reconsideration if the trustees or managers are unable, despite their best efforts, to obtain a protected benefits quotation. The amendments provide the Board of the PPF with a power to determine whether the value of the assets of the scheme at the reconsideration time is less than the amount of the protected liabilities at that time. If so, the scheme may transfer into the Pension Protection Fund, without the trustees or managers obtaining a protected benefits quotation. The Board of the PPF will be able to use any information it has available and any additional information it may request in order to determine the value of the assets and liabilities of the scheme at that time.
127. Paragraph 15(5) and (7) amends Article 136 of the 2005 Order to enable the Board of the PPF to issue a determination notice under that Article in a form and containing such information as may be decided by the Board.
128. Paragraph 17 removes the requirement in Article 144 of the 2005 Order that an assessment period for the Pension Protection Fund must last for a minimum of 12 months. An assessment period starts when the employer of a scheme that is eligible for the Pension Protection Fund has a qualifying insolvency event. An assessment period may also start when an employer in relation to a scheme is unlikely to continue as a going concern and the Board of the PPF receives either an application for transfer from the scheme’s trustees or managers under Article 113(1) of the 2005 Order or a notification from the Regulator under Article 113(4) of the 2005 Order. During an assessment period the Board of the PPF assesses whether or not it must assume responsibility for a scheme. The removal of the requirement in Article 144 of the 2005 Order that an assessment period must last for a minimum of 12 months will enable the Board to transfer some schemes into the Pension Protection Fund earlier.
129. Paragraph 18 removes the requirements in Article 288 of the 2005 Order that regulations relating to the Pension Protection Fund administration levy cease to have effect within 6 months of their coming into operation unless approved by a resolution of the Assembly. As a result, those statutory rules will be subject to the negative resolution procedure. The Pension Protection Fund administration levy is collected on behalf of the Department to recoup any money paid by the Department or the Secretary of State to meet the administrative expenses of the Board of the PPF (Article 103 of the 2005 Order).
130. Paragraph 19 replaces paragraph 21 of Schedule 6 to the 2005 Order so that the calculation of pension compensation paid to pension credit members includes revaluation, if revaluation would have been applied under the rules of the relevant scheme to the pension credit member’s benefits. Under section 79 of the Pension Schemes (NI) Act, occupational pension schemes are required to revalue benefits payable by virtue of pension credit rights only where the rights involve the pension credit member being credited by the scheme with notional pensionable service. New paragraph 21 of Schedule 6 deals with the case where the member is not credited with notional pensionable service (so that no revaluation is required). New paragraph 21A deals with the case where the member is credited with notional pensionable service (so that revaluation is required).
131. Under new paragraph 21A, the revaluation would be based on:
- scheme rules for the period from the implementation of a member’s pension credit to the day before the start of an assessment period for the Pension Protection Fund; and
- statutory requirements for the period from the start of the assessment period to a member’s normal benefit age (the equivalent, for pension credit members, to normal pension age).
132. As a consequence, paragraph 20 repeals paragraphs 10 and 11 of Schedule 6 to the Pensions (No. 2) Act.
133. Paragraphs 21 to 28 replace an existing regulation-making power within paragraph 25A of Schedule 6 to the 2005 Order (as inserted by paragraph 13 of Schedule 6 to the Pensions (No. 2) Act so that people may postpone payment of their pension compensation past their normal pension age.
134. The paragraphs provide that, if a person does postpone payment of pension compensation:
- the pension compensation cap would apply as at the time the person first becomes entitled to pension compensation (their normal pension age);
- revaluation would apply up to a member’s normal pension age; and
- the Board of the PPF must provide an appropriate increase in pension compensation when it comes into payment, calculated on an actuarial basis to take account of the postponement of the start of payment.
135. Paragraphs 29 to 36 make amendments parallel to those in paragraphs 21 to 28. These paragraphs omit an existing regulation-making power in paragraph 11 of Schedule 4 to the Pensions (No. 2) Act, replacing it with a similar power to prescribe circumstances where a person who is entitled to pension compensation by virtue of pension compensation sharing may choose to receive compensation from a later date than normal benefit age. This power will permit postponement whether or not the person entitled to compensation is below or above normal benefit age at the time that they first become entitled to payment of compensation.
136. Paragraph 37 amends paragraph 35 of Schedule 6 to the 2005 Order. This paragraph requires recent changes to scheme rules, which have the effect of increasing the amount of a scheme’s protected liabilities, to be disregarded in calculating the amount of compensation to which members of the scheme are entitled. Paragraph 35, in conjunction with paragraph 3(5) and 5(6) of Schedule 6, also stipulates that discretionary increases to pensions that are either in payment or postponed in the three-year period before the start of an assessment period, which have the effect of increasing the protected liabilities, are disregarded.
137. The amendments clarify the operation of these provisions.
FINANCIAL EFFECTS OF THE BILL
Tax and benefit payment costs
138. Changes to the timetable for increasing State Pension age to 66, together with accelerating the timetable for State Pension age equalisation, are expected to result in net total gains to Government in income tax and National Insurance receipts of £8 billion over the period 2016-2026 due to increased employment. In Northern Ireland, this equates to £0.162 billion.
139. The change to the timetable for increasing State Pension age to 66 is expected to result in net total savings to Government of approximately £30.6 billion in expenditure on pensions-related and working-age benefits over the period 2016-2026. In Northern Ireland, this is expected to amount to £0.7013 billion.
140. With reference to clause 3, the abolition of new awards of PUCODIs from April 2012 is expected to result in net total savings to Government of under £1 million per annum between 2011/12 and 2015/16. In Northern Ireland, the savings are estimated at under £24,000 per annum.
141. With reference to clauses 6, 7, 9 and 10, the introduction of a 3-month waiting period and the increase in the earnings threshold for automatic enrolment is expected to reduce overall volumes of savings into private pensions. The combined impact is an estimated average increase in income-related benefit expenditure by the Department for Work and Pensions of £20 million per annum over the period 2012-2050. In Northern Ireland, the additional income-related benefit expenditure is estimated at £856,000 per year.
142. With reference to clause 32, grant-in-aid payments may be made directly to The Pensions Advisory Service. These payments are currently made by the Pensions Regulator. The cost of The Pensions Advisory Service, which operates on a UK-wide basis is expected to be £3.7m in 2011/12, however, these costs will be recouped through the general levy on occupational and personal pension schemes. There are no current plans to make grants to any other pensions advisory bodies.
143. No other measures in the Bill are expected to have implications for public expenditure on benefit payments.
144. The Department for Work and Pensions estimates that the change to the timetable for increasing State Pension age to 66 will generate administrative costs of approximately £10 million (in 2010/11 price terms) in total over the period 2016-2026. These costs include changes to IT systems and the communication of changes to individuals affected. It is anticipated that Northern Ireland will contribute around £2,000 towards the cost of the communications exercise. The remainder will be borne by the Department for Work and Pensions.
145. The abolition of PUCODIs is expected to result in savings to Government from reduced training and administration costs of around £100,000 (in 2011/12 price terms) per annum, between 2011/12 and 2015/16. In Northern Ireland savings are expected to be minimal as only around 1% of the State Pension caseload receives these increments.
146. No other measures in the Bill are expected to have cost implications for the Department.
HUMAN RIGHTS ISSUES
147. The provisions of the Bill are compatible with the provisions of the Human Rights Act 1998.
EQUALITY IMPACT ASSESSMENT
148. In accordance with its duty under section 75 of the Northern Ireland Act 1998, the Department has conducted an Equality Impact Assessment. The consultation period ran from 3rd August 2011 until 30th September 2011.
149. Copies of this Assessment have been laid in the Northern Ireland Assembly Business Office and placed in the Library of the Northern Ireland Assembly. It can be accessed at www.dsdni.gov.uk/index/consultations.
150. The proposals make provision corresponding to provision contained in the Pensions Act 2011 and are in line with the longstanding principle of parity between Great Britain and Northern Ireland in pensions and social security matters.
SUMMARY OF THE REGULATORY IMPACT ASSESSMENT
151. The Bill is deregulatory with respect to the private sector and civil society and will see decreases overall in administrative costs and pensions liabilities for employers.
152. Modelling carried out by the Department for Work and Pensions indicates that the combined effect of the auto-enrolment measures is an estimated reduction in employer contribution costs of £170 million per annum and an average reduction in administration costs of £10 million per annum (in 2011/2012 price terms) over the period 2012-2050.
153. Allowing schemes that currently increase pensions in payment by the RPI under the rules of the scheme to continue doing so, without having to increase the statutory minimum in any year in which it is higher, is expected to reduce employer liabilities associated with existing occupational pension rights by £2.3 billion (in 2010/2011 price terms) over the period 2010- 2070. Changes to the indexation of payments from the PPF are also expected to result in a reduction in liabilities to employers sponsoring Defined Benefit Pension Schemes who fund the PPF through a compulsory levy.
The Minister for Social Development had made the following statement under section 9 of the Northern Ireland Act 1998:
“In my view the Pensions Bill would be within the legislative competence of the Northern Ireland Assembly.”
SECRETARY OF STATE CONSENT
The Secretary of State had consented under section 8 of the Northern Ireland Act 1998 to the Assembly considering this Bill.
* the Board of the PPF means the Board of the Pension Protection Fund
* CPI means Consumer Prices Index
* the Department means the Department for Social Development
* GMP means Guaranteed Minimum Pension
* PUCODI means Payable Uprated Contracted–out Deduction Increments
* RPI means Retail Prices Index
* the 1995 Order means the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995 No. 3213(N.I. 22))
* the 2005 Order means the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005 No. 255 (N.I. 1))
* the Pensions (No. 2) Act means the Pensions (No. 2) Act (Northern Ireland) 2008 (c. 13)
* the Pension Schemes (NI) Act means the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 (c. 49)