Budget Bill as Introduced Explanatory and Financial Memorandum

INTRODUCTION

1. This Explanatory and Financial Memorandum has been prepared by the Department of Finance and Personnel, in order to assist the reader of the Bill and to help inform the debate on it. It does not form part of the Bill and has not been endorsed by the Assembly.

2. The Memorandum should be read in conjunction with the Bill. It is not, and is not meant to be, a comprehensive description of the Bill, and where a clause or part of a clause does not seem to require any explanation or comment, none is given.

BACKGROUND

3. Budget Bills are the legislative means by which Assembly approval will be sought for departments and certain other public bodies to incur expenditure and use resources as detailed in the corresponding Estimates volume and summarised in the Schedules to the Bills. Furthermore, the Budget Bills will enable the Assembly to hold departments accountable for managing and controlling those resources within the limits authorised.

4. The Budget Bill will not only authorise the use of resources but contains powers to authorise the issue of sums of cash from the Northern Ireland Consolidated Fund to departments and other public bodies and appropriate those sums to services. Budget Bills also set the relevant limits on the accruing resources that may be directed to be used for purposes specified in the Schedules to the Bill. Accruing resources are divided into two categories: a) operating accruing resources, which is resource income offset against the gross resource expenditure and b) non-operating accruing resources, which is capital income, mainly relating to the sale of assets, and offset against gross capital spend.

5. Estimates volumes and other relevant documents are published so as to be available when Budget Bills are introduced in the Assembly. Separate Budget Bills will be introduced relating to the Main Estimates (initial voted provision for a financial year) and subsequent Supplementary Estimates which revises that initial provision as a result of the in-year monitoring rounds. The Budget Bill relating to the Supplementary Estimates will also provide interim resources and funding (around 45%) for the first few months of the next financial year.

PURPOSE

6. The Bill will authorise the use of resources for both 2013-14 and 2014-15. For 2013-14 a total revised amount of £16,606,564,000 will be authorised and for 2014-15 a Vote on Account of £7,545,788,000 is taken to provide departments and public bodies with provision for the early months of 2014-15, until the Main Estimates are voted in the summer. The Bill will revise the limits as set in the Budget (No. 2) Act (Northern Ireland) 2013 on the amount of accruing resources, including both operating and non-operating accruing resources, that may be directed to be used for certain purposes for the year ending 31st March 2014. The Bill will also authorise the issue of cash from the Consolidated Fund in support of services for both 2013-14 and 2014-15. For 2013-14 the Bill will authorise a total revised amount of £15,530,883,000 which is detailed in the 2013-14 Spring Supplementary Estimates. For 2014-15 a Vote on Account of £7,062,352,000 is taken. In addition, the Bill will authorise temporary borrowing up to £3,531,176,000 in 2014-15 by the Department of Finance and Personnel.

7. The sums to be issued from the Consolidated Fund of Northern Ireland for the year ending 31st March 2014 are to be appropriated for services, as set out in Schedule 1 to the Bill.

8. The amount of resources (including accruing resources) authorised for use for the year ending 31st March 2014 are to be used for the purposes specified in Schedule 2 to the Bill.

9. The sums to be issued from the Consolidated Fund of Northern Ireland for the year ending 31st March 2015 are to be appropriated for services as set out in Schedule 3 to the Bill.

10. The amount of resources authorised for use for the year ending 31st March 2015 are to be used for the purposes specified in Schedule 4 to the Bill.

COMMENCEMENT

11. The legislation will come into operation on Royal Assent.

COMMENTARY ON CLAUSES

Clause 1: Issue of sum out of the Consolidated Fund for the year ending 31stMarch 2014 and appropriation of that sum

Subsection (1) authorises the issue out of the Consolidated Fund of Northern Ireland of the revised sum of £15,530,883,000 for 2013-14.

Subsection (2) appropriates that sum for the purposes specified in column 1 of Schedule 1.

Subsection (3) providesauthority for cash limits set by the Budget Act (Northern Ireland) 2013 and the Budget (No. 2) Act (Northern Ireland) 2013 to be superseded by the amounts specified in column 2 of Schedule 1 to the Budget Bill (Northern Ireland) 2014.

Clause 2: Use of resources (other than accruing resources) in the year ending 31st March 2014

This clause authorises the use of resources amounting to £16,606,564,000 for 2013-14, for the purposes specified in column 1 of Schedule 2.

Subsection (4) provides authority for the resource limits set by the Budget Act (Northern Ireland) 2013 and the Budget (No. 2) Act (Northern Ireland) 2013 to be superseded by the amounts specified in column 2 of Schedule 2 to the Budget Bill (Northern Ireland) 2014.

Clause 3: Revised limits on use of certain accruing resources in the year ending 31st March 2014

Subsection (1) sets relevant limits on the total amount of accruing resources, including both operating and non-operating accruing resources, that may be directed to be used for certain specified purposes in addition to the resources authorised by Clause 2.

Subsection (2) provides authority for the direction of accruing resources as specified in column 3 of Schedule 2 to be used for the purposes specified in the corresponding entries in column 1 of that Schedule.

Subsection (3) provides authority for the accruing resource limits set by the Budget (No. 2) Act (Northern Ireland) 2013 to be superseded by the amounts specified in column 3 of Schedule 2 to the Budget Bill (Northern Ireland) 2014.

Clause 4: Issue of sum out of the Consolidated Fund for the year ending 31st March 2015 and appropriation of that sum

Subsection (1) authorises the issue out of the Consolidated Fund of Northern Ireland of the sum of £7,062,352,000 for 2014-15.

Subsection (2) appropriates that sum for the purposes specified in column 1 of Schedule 3.

Clause 5: Power of the Department of Finance and Personnel to borrow

This clause authorises the temporary borrowing by the Department of Finance and Personnel in 2014-15 of approximately half the sum covered by Clause 4 (1). This is a normal safeguard against the possibility of a temporary deficiency arising in the Northern Ireland Consolidated Fund.

Clause 6: Use of resources (other than accruing resources) in the year ending 31st March 2015

This clause authorises the use of resources amounting to £7,545,788,000 for 2014-15, for the purposes specified in column 1 of Schedule 4.

Clause 7: Short Title

This clause sets out the title of the Act.

FINANCIAL EFFECTS OF THE BILL

12. As detailed above.

HUMAN RIGHTS ISSUES

13. No effect on this area.

EQUALITY IMPACT ASSESSMENT

14. No effect on this area.

SUMMARY OF THE REGULATORY IMPACT ASSESSMENT

15. No effect on this area.

LEGISLATIVE COMPETENCE

16. At Introduction the Minister of the Department of Finance and Personnel made the following statement under section 9 of the Northern Ireland Act 1998:

“In my view, the Budget Bill (Northern Ireland) 2014 would be within the legislative competence of the Northern Ireland Assembly.”

RECOMMENDATION

17. The Minister in charge of the Bill, Mr Simon Hamilton has made the following recommendation as required under section 63 of the Northern Ireland Act 1998.

“As Minister of Finance and Personnel, I recommend the Budget Bill (Northern Ireland) 2014 to the Assembly as is required by section 63 of the Northern Ireland Act 1998.”

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